Types of Cybersecurity Tests to Run at Work

Cyber attackers are constantly trying to find new and improved ways to infiltrate companies’ systems, leaving organizations vulnerable to malicious attacks. To protect your company and its valuable data, it’s essential that you stay on top of the latest threats, and vulnerabilities. Failure to do so includes consequences ranging from damaged brand reputation to lawsuits. One of the most important steps in this process is running a cybersecurity test.

As any competent cyber consultant will tell you, cybersecurity tests are designed to identify potential weaknesses in the security of a system. There are various types of tests available, each designed to address different kinds of threats and vulnerabilities. Here are some of the most popular testing methods used today.

Network Vulnerability Scanning

Network vulnerability scanning is a process that uses automated tools to scan your network for any known security vulnerabilities. This type of test will detect weaknesses in the configuration of your network, as well as identify any vulnerable software or hardware.

To run a network vulnerability scan, it’s a good idea to first conduct a baseline assessment of the network. This baseline will act as a reference point against which any changes to the system can be measured. After the baseline has been established, automated scans are conducted on all parts of the network to detect any security issues that may have previously gone undetected. For example,  the scan may identify open ports that can be exploited, as well as insecure configurations and passwords.

Penetration Testing 

Penetration testing is a type of cybersecurity test that simulates an attack from a malicious actor in order to determine the security posture of a system. These tests are typically conducted by ethical hackers who use automated tools and manual techniques to identify weaknesses in the system.

The penetration tester begins by examining the system for obvious vulnerabilities, such as open ports or unpatched software. They then move on to more sophisticated methods of attack, such as exploits and social engineering attacks. After these tests have been completed, the tester will provide a detailed report of their findings and recommendations for remediation.

Security Auditing 

Security auditing is a process that involves examining the entire infrastructure of an organization in order to identify any potential risks or security vulnerabilities. This type of test examines all aspects of the system, including hardware, software, user accounts, and network architecture.

Security auditing typically begins with the examination of internal documents and policies, such as access control lists and security procedures. This is followed by a review of external systems and processes, including firewalls, network protocols, and authentication systems. After this review has been completed, the auditor will provide a report with recommendations for any changes that need to be implemented.

Cybersecurity tests are essential for keeping networks and systems secure in today’s digital world. The types of tests outlined above can help organizations detect potential weaknesses before they become a problem, as well as identify any changes that need to be made to the system in order to prevent malicious actors from gaining access. Thus, running these tests regularly is one of the best ways to ensure that your organization’s digital assets remain secure.